By Gnaeus Marcius, in 'Latin Beginners', Mar 12, 2018.
Is fugienti here a dative or an ablative?
Dative. Present participles have their singular ablative in -e, not -i.
I see, thank you. When I looked it up at en.wiki it notes that it can be used with the ablative -i "When used purely as an adjective": https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/fugienti
I thought perhaps it was being used as an adjective as in 'fleeing Cicero'
No, it's used as a regular participle here, i.e. it retains all its verbal force, referring to an action done at a particular moment (Cicero fleeing). Used as an adjective it would denote a quality of Cicero's, like Cicero having a "fleeing" character or so.
Also, Ciceroni is dative so an ablative adjective couldn't agree with it.
23 chapters into Wheelock's and still I manage to neglect such a fundamental!
I guess I'm still in the process of internalizing it all. Thank you for clearing that up.
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