Hi, all. I was just trying to write something in Latin for practice, and I am a bit hung up on what case to employ for a noun. What I am trying to express is rendered in English as follows: "The judge's words were marked by untruth." The particular point about which I am unsure is which grammatical case should be taken by falsitas ("untruth") and its attendant adjective insignis (for "being marked by"). I was thinking that both should take the ablative, which would render the sentence: Verba iudicis falsitate insigni erant. (with esse in the indicative imperfect). Please give me a check on this, if you would. Thanks, Mike I guess what I am asking, in essence, is: does the ablative case govern instrumentality in Latin, as in when trying to express "by means of X, Y happens/manifests/is apparent?