How do you figure out where the main caesura is in scansion?

By Phoebus Apollo, in 'General Latin Chat (English)', Apr 18, 2017.

  1. Phoebus Apollo Civis Illustris

    • Civis Illustris
    This is for scanning the Aeneid (Dactylic hexameter)
    Thanks in advance
  2. Aurifex Aedilis

    • Aedilis
    What reference source are you using for guidance on scansion in hexameters?
  3. Iáson Cívis Illústris

    • Civis Illustris
    I think that generally it is in the middle of the 3rd foot, but sometimes in the fourth or even second. Which one depends on where the main sense break is.
    Arma vi|rumque ca|nó, ||Trói|ae quí |prímus a|b órís
    Ítali|am fá|tó profu|gus,||Lá|vínaque| vénit
    (3rd foot)
    lítora;| mult(um) il|l(e) et ter|rís|| iac|tátus et| altó
    (4th foot)
    ví supe|rum || sae|vae memo|rem Iú|nónis ob |íram
    (2nd foot)
    multa quo|qu(e) et bel|ló pas|sús, ||dum |condere|t urbem,
    infer|retque de|ós Lati|ó, ||genus| unde La|tínum,
    (4th foot)
    Albá|níque pa|trés, ||at|qu(e) altae| moenia| Rómae.
    (3rd foot)
    (Where | marks the feet and || the main caesura).
    I must admit I find eg. the third line a little bit troubling for this theory (where the main sense break seems to be at the end of the first foot), but it produces something satisfactory in most cases.

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