Latin Grammatical Terms

By Cinefactus, in 'Sermones Tironum', Jun 15, 2017.

  1. Cinefactus Censor

    • Censor
    Location:
    litore aureo
    nōmen -inis n. noun
    prōnōmen -inis n pronoun
    adiectīvum -ī n. adjective
    verbum, -ī n. verb
    adverbium -ī n. adverb
    coniūnctiō -ōnis f conjunction
    interiectiō -ōnis f interjection
    encliticum -ī n enclitic
    praepositiō -ōnis f preposition

    inaequālis -is -e irregular

    cōnsonāns -antis f consonant
    vocālis -is f vowel
    Last edited by Cinefactus, Jun 16, 2017
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  2. Cinefactus Censor

    • Censor
    Location:
    litore aureo
    nomina

    masculīnus -a -um masculine
    fēminīnus -a -um femine
    neuter -tra -trum neuter
    commūnis -e common
    nōminātīvus -a -um
    accusatīvus -ī m
    vocātīvus -ī m
    genitīvus -ī m
    datīvus -ī m
    ablātīvus -ī m

    singulāris -is -e
    plūrālis -is -e

    dēclīnātiō -ōnis f
    dēclināre (trans)
    Last edited by Cinefactus, Jun 16, 2017
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  3. Cinefactus Censor

    • Censor
    Location:
    litore aureo
    verba

    āctīvus -a -um active
    passīvus -a -um passive
    supīnum -ī n. supine

    modus -ī m mood
    genus -eris n voice
    tempus -oris n tense
    persōna -ae f person

    partēs prīncipālēs principal parts

    indicātīvus -a -um indicative
    subiūnctīvus -a -um / coniunctīvus -a -um subjunctive
    imperātīvus -a -um imperative

    dēpōnēns -entis n deponent

    gerundium -ī n. gerund
    gerundivum -ī n. gerundive
    īnfīnītīvus -a -um infinitive
    partipicium -ī n. participle

    trānsitīvus -a -um transitive
    intrānsitīvus -a -um intransitive

    Praeteritum (tempus) past (tense)
    Praesēns (tempus) present (tense)
    Futūrum (tempus) future (tense)
    Perfectum (tempus) perfect (tense)
    Imperfectum (tempus) imperfect (tense)
    Plūs quam perfectum (tempus) pluperfect (tense)
    Futūrum Praeteritum (tempus) future perfect (tense)

    ōrātiō oblīqua indirect speech
    accusatīvus cum īnfīnītīvō accusative + infinitive
    cōnsecūtiō tempōrum sequence of tenses
    Last edited by Cinefactus, Jun 16, 2017
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  4. Cinefactus Censor

    • Censor
    Location:
    litore aureo
    adiectiva

    positīvus -a -um
    comparātīvus -a -um
    superlātīvus -a -um

    gradus positīvus/comparātīvus/superlatīvus

    superlātīvē in the superlative
  5. Cinefactus Censor

    • Censor
    Location:
    litore aureo
    dē ūsibus ablātīvī

    ablātīvus pūrus genuine ablative
    ablātīvus sēparātiōnis ablative of separation
    ablātīvus orīginis ablative of source
    ablātīvus auctorōris ablative of agent
    ablātīvus comparātiōnis ablative of comparison

    ablātīvus causae ablative of cause
    ablātīvus modī ablative of manner
    ablātīvus quālitātis ablative of quality
    ablātīvus pretiī ablative of price
    ablātīvus comitandī ablative of accompaniment
    ablātīvus līmitātiōnis ablative of specification
    ablātīvus absolūtus ablative absolute

    ablātīvus locī ablative of place
    ablātīvus locī ā quō ablative of place from which
    ablātīvus tempōris ablative of time
    ablātīvus tempōris sub quō ablative of time within which
    Last edited by Cinefactus, Jun 16, 2017
  6. Dantius Homo Sapiens

    • Civis Illustris
    Location:
    in orbe lacteo
    What is a "genuine ablative"?
  7. Mafalda Member

    Location:
    Paulopolis
    In hōc forō debēs interrogāre "Quid sibi vult ablātīvus pūrus?", Dantī. :) Nīl nisi Latīnē.
    Dantius likes this.
  8. Pacifica grammaticissima

    • Civis Illustris
    Location:
    Belgium
    Oportet sit, ut puto, ablativus quo exprimitur id a quo vel ex quo motus fit, ut "e cubiculo exii" vel "ab illo discessi". Is enim primus usus ablativi fuit; alii usus vero illi casui postea sunt attributi, postquam casus instrumentalis, magnaque ex parte etiam locativus, periit.
    Last edited by Pacifica, Jun 16, 2017
    RobertusSitiens likes this.
  9. Dantius Homo Sapiens

    • Civis Illustris
    Location:
    in orbe lacteo
    Recte dicis, Mafalda. Ignoscite mihi, quaeso, di huius fori!
  10. Pacifica grammaticissima

    • Civis Illustris
    Location:
    Belgium
    Cum titulus Anglice scriptus sit, non puto patere in hoc etiam filo Latine tantum scribi licere.
  11. RobertusSitiens Civis Illustris

    • Civis Illustris
    Location:
    Sterling, VA USA
    Intellegere conor quid hic sibi velit patere. Nonne infinitivus (ex pateo/patere/patui) est? Potestne hic ut permissum vel passum haberi?
  12. Pacifica grammaticissima

    • Civis Illustris
    Location:
    Belgium
    "Patere" dico "liquere", "lucere", "facile visu vel intellectu esse", "manifestum esse".
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  13. RobertusSitiens Civis Illustris

    • Civis Illustris
    Location:
    Sterling, VA USA
    Tibi gratias ago! Nunc intellego. Propter titulum, manisfestum not erat num Latine scribere oporteret.
  14. Pacifica grammaticissima

    • Civis Illustris
    Location:
    Belgium
    Ita vero!
  15. Kuba26 non sum dignus

    • Civis Illustris
    Location:
    Germania Inferior
    E.g. Puella quam Marcus pulsat Iulia est.

    Num quam Marcus pulsat 'clausus' est?
  16. Pacifica grammaticissima

    • Civis Illustris
    Location:
    Belgium
    Minime, istud fieri nequaquam potest. "Clausa" non tam mirum videatur, quod verbum nescio an aliquando adhibitum sit, apud Romanos tamen auctores non exstat. "Clausula" autem exstat, sed alio sensu dicta videtur. In meo lexico pro "clause" inveniuntur haec: "membrum", "articulus", sed pluribus vel latioribus sensibus esse videntur. Fortasse apud Romanos non erat ullum huic rei proprium verbum. Forsitan apud eos qui posterius de rebus grammaticis scripserunt aliquod usitatum verbum fuerit, sed id non novi.
    Kuba26 likes this.
  17. Kuba26 non sum dignus

    • Civis Illustris
    Location:
    Germania Inferior
    Num haec pars sententiae nomen grammaticale non habet?
  18. Pacifica grammaticissima

    • Civis Illustris
    Location:
    Belgium
    Fortasse habet, sed, ut supra dixi, si quando habuit usitatum nomen, quod sit nescio.
    Kuba26 likes this.
  19. Iáson Cívis Illústris

    • Civis Illustris
    Dantius likes this.

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