LINGVA LATINA PER SE ILLVSTRATA: Pars 1 FAMILIA ROMANA

By J.M, in 'Reading Latin', Jun 8, 2019.

  1. J.M Active Member

    Greetings to all Latin D members,
    I am currently going through the book Lingua Latina: Familia Romana and I was wondering if all masculine words end in -us all feminine words ended in -a and all neuter words ended in -um. Am I correct in thinking that?,
    Thank you,
    J.M
  2. Terry S. flamen

    • Civis Illustris
    Location:
    Hibernia
    In a word, no. There are three more declensions to come, which will offer a variety of endings, not to mention a few first declension nouns having masculine gender e.g. nauta, agricola, poeta, auriga. It's best to memorise each word with its nominative singular form, genitive singular form, and gender. Just make it a habit.
    J.M likes this.
  3. Bitmap Civis Illustris

    • Civis Illustris
    Location:
    Cygnea, Gena

    No.
    Some masculine nouns end in -a, like nauta, pirata, collega, poeta (etc).
    Some feminine nouns end in -us, especially the names of trees like malus or pinus.
    Some neuter nouns end in -us like virus and another one that I can't think of right now.

    And then there's the 3rd declension (and others) of course, where nouns end in totally different endings.
    J.M likes this.
  4. Bitmap Civis Illustris

    • Civis Illustris
    Location:
    Cygnea, Gena

    The other word was vulgus, which is neuter :p

    So is pelagus.
    J.M likes this.
  5. You would be correct to say that most first declension nouns are feminine, for instance.
    J.M likes this.
  6. J.M Active Member

    Greetings,
    Thank you all for your complex and expanded replies, I will certainly note all down,
    J.M
  7. J.M Active Member

    Greetings once more,
    Does the word dominus literally mean 'dominant'? (With that I mean he has control over/he is superior to..) It appears in the phrase:
    - Iūlius dominus servī (Dāvī) est. -
    "Iūlius is the master/owner/dominant(of David)" - Is this a correct translation?
    Thank you,
    J.M
  8. J.M Active Member

    These are genitives correct?:
    Servī = (of) servant/slave
    Servōrum = (of) servants/slaves

    Thank you,
    J.M
  9. J.M Active Member

    In this case:
    Servī - Genitive Singular
    Servōrum - Genitive Plural
    Correct?

    J.M
  10. Bitmap Civis Illustris

    • Civis Illustris
    Location:
    Cygnea, Gena

    Well, I wouldn't translate it as dominant ... it just means 'master' or 'head of family'


    Yes.
  11. J.M Active Member

    Great!
    Thank you Bitmap, your answers are always appreciated,
    J.M
  12. J.M Active Member

    Greetings,
    Is 'Paterfamilias' a correct translation for 'head of family'?
    J.M
  13. Yes, the male head of the family.
  14. J.M Active Member

    Thank you Issacus,
    J.M

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