Roman names

By meisenimverbis, in 'Latin Culture', Jun 16, 2019.

  1. meisenimverbis Active Member

    Location:
    Rio de Janeiro
    What do you think of proper names in the ancient Roman culture? I love to make characters, and I found out that it's so cool to imagine a family with names of all the members (slaves included). Petronius' Satyricon is set in cities in the south regions of Italy, and it has a lot of Greek names. I've been searching some of them, and I found out that it isn't difficult to find actual people in those cities of the Satyricon (Puteoli, Croton) and around them (Canusium, Brundisium...) with those Greek names as cognomina.

    Do you have any experiences with Roman names you'd like to share?
  2. meisenimverbis Active Member

    Location:
    Rio de Janeiro
    For example, there's a character in the Satyricon, in the list of names in the 1965 edition I'm reading, who is called Phileros, one of Trimalchio's guests.If you search Phileros in the wikipedia, you won't have an entry, but it'll give a few entries for Roman gentes who had a Phileros as cognomen. One of them is gens Patulcia. If you notice, quite a few Patulcii are from south Italy and there's one Gn. Patulcius Phileros, down there... And other Patulcii that are from Puteoli. And a bunch of them with Greek cognomina, men and women. There is one Sex. Patulcius Apolaustus married to a Pomponia Chrysis. Well, Chrysis is another name in the characters list of the Satyricon. And this couple lived in Puteoli. This is absolutely amazing! It seems Petronius was worried about portraying people that seemed real.
    Last edited by meisenimverbis, Jun 16, 2019
  3. meisenimverbis Active Member

    Location:
    Rio de Janeiro
    Very similar is Niceros, in the Satyricon too. Another guest of Trimalchio. The list says of him that he is "one of the more interesting guests of Trimalchio". This one is mentioned in the wikipedia in entries Trimalchio (which doesn't say much), and Werewolf (!), which says that "one of the characters, Niceros, tells a story at a banquet about a friend who turned into a wolf (chs. 61-62). He describes the incident as follows, (...)". Anyway, the wikipedia also gives Niceros as cognomen in a gens, the gens Farsuleia, there's a L. Farsuleius Niceros Fuscus, whose sister was named Farsuleia Theophila, and his mother, Martha (hebrew name). And many other Farsuleii around the Empire: Alexandria, Africa Proconsularis, Numidia, Germania Inferior, Gallia Cisalpina, Pannonia, Noricum.
    Last edited by meisenimverbis, Jun 16, 2019
  4. Etaoin Shrdlu Civis Illustris

    • Civis Illustris
    Aramaic, to be pedantic about it (as you'd expect from this sort of forum).
  5. meisenimverbis Active Member

    Location:
    Rio de Janeiro

    It would possibly not have sounded so if you hadn't brought the word yourself... :think: However, the correction is, indeed, expected from this sort of forum. And appreciated.
  6. J.M Active Member

    Location:
    Koloszvar, Hungary
    Greetings,

    I just thought about how some latin names originated from ordinal numbers such as:

    Quintus = 5th
    Octavius = 8th
    Decimus = 10th
    Septimus = 7th

    But unfortunately as I am not a qualified Latinist I cannot secure that my statement is correct, if anyone can please do so

    Thank you as always for your time,
    J.M
    meisenimverbis likes this.
  7. Bitmap Civis Illustris

    • Civis Illustris
    Location:
    Cygnea, Gena
    Yes.

    You will not be surprised to hear that Sextus stands for 6th.
    J.M likes this.
  8. J.M Active Member

    Location:
    Koloszvar, Hungary
    :hammer:
    Somehow I laughed at the thought of it,
    J.M
  9. meisenimverbis Active Member

    Location:
    Rio de Janeiro
    And Tertia for 3rd (female).

    Is there Artemidora as a name in the ancient times, or is it medieval? What is it like in Greek, Artemidora or Artemidore?
  10. meisenimverbis Active Member

    Location:
    Rio de Janeiro
    There's also gentes:

    Quartius, Quartinius/Petronius
    Quin(c)tilius
    Sextilius
    Septimius
    Octavius
    Nonius
    Decimius, Decius

    Tertullianus was a Septimius. The cognomen Tertullianus is probably from a mother or a grandmother, or a mother of one of his ancestors... A son of a Tertulla or Tertia.
  11. meisenimverbis Active Member

    Location:
    Rio de Janeiro
    Appius Popidius. Numerius Popidius. I'm willing to use an Appius in the stories. Maybe a Popidius... :think:
  12. meisenimverbis Active Member

    Location:
    Rio de Janeiro

    Quintilius/Pompilius, Pomponius
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