When did Hannibal come? ... He came with brave men.

Gregorius Textor

Vir Indianensis

  • Civis Illustris

  • Patronus

Location:
Ohio, midwestern U.S.A.
Please check my solutions of these English to Latin exercises, from William G. Most, Latin by the Natural Method, First Year (3rd ed., 1964). This text is for ecclesiastical Latin; I will try to give both ecclesiastical and classical forms, where they differ.

LECTIO DUODECIMA (p. 25)

12.1 When did Hannibal come?
Quando venit Hannibal?

12.2 Hamilcar said that Rome was bad.
Hamilcar dixit quod Roma fuit mala.
OR with accusative + infinitive, more typical in classical Latin:
Hamilcar dixit Romam malam esse.

12.3 But Rome wanted peace.
Sed Roma voluerunt pacem.

LECTIO DECIMA TERTIA (p. 27)

13.1 Marcus saw the fierce soldiers.
Marcus vidit milites feroces.

13.2 The battle was sharp.
Acris erat pugna.

13.3 He came with brave men.
Cum viris fortibus venit.
 

Pacifica

grammaticissima

  • Civis Illustris

  • Patrona

Location:
Belgium
12.1 When did Hannibal come?
Quando venit Hannibal?
Good.
12.2 Hamilcar said that Rome was bad.
Hamilcar dixit quod Roma fuit mala.
OR with accusative + infinitive, more typical in classical Latin:
Hamilcar dixit Romam malam esse.
Please take a look here again.

The fuit version is rather unlikely in this context. Hamilcar presumably said this during his lifetime, when Rome was still standing and (according to him) bad.
12.3 But Rome wanted peace.
Sed Roma voluerunt pacem.
Check subject-verb agreement.
13.1 Marcus saw the fierce soldiers.
Marcus vidit milites feroces.

13.2 The battle was sharp.
Acris erat pugna.

13.3 He came with brave men.
Cum viris fortibus venit.
Good.
 

Gregorius Textor

Vir Indianensis

  • Civis Illustris

  • Patronus

Location:
Ohio, midwestern U.S.A.
Thanks, Pacifica. I had completely forgotten about dixit ... erat/fuit. :oops:

12.B.2 Hamilcar dixit quod Roma erat mala.

12.B.3 Sed Roma voluit pacem.
 

Matthaeus

Vemortuicida strenuus

  • Civis Illustris

  • Patronus

Location:
Varsovia
All good.
 
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