Pronunciation of Io, as in Io Saturnalia

By JFWR, in 'Pronunciation, Spelling and Listen to Latin', Oct 5, 2019.

  1. JFWR New Member

    Dear everyone,

    How does one pronounce "io" as in the phrase: "io! saturnalia"?

    I have always understood to be pronounced as two syllables, given that io is not a Latin dipthong. Thus, I have heard it pronounced as "ee oh", with the "oh" being long.

    In contrast, I heard a Youtube video pronounce it "yo" as in "yo yo".

    At least in the classical Latin sense, I don't think it would be treated as a consonant j pronounced y.
  2. Iáson Cívis Illústris

    • Civis Illustris
    Well, in Vergil at least, you're right:

    clāmat: 'iō mātrēs, audīt(e), ubi quaeque, Latīnae:
    (- u u - - - - - u u - u u - -) Aen. 7.400

    I suppose there might be a glide between the /i/ and the /ō/, just to ease pronunciation, but given that the /i/ is stressed it seems unlikely that it would be lost.
    Bitmap likes this.
  3. Bitmap Civis Illustris

    • Civis Illustris
    Cygnea, Gena
    It's usually two syllables, u -, in Ovid, too:

    tempora Phoebea lauro cingetur 'io' que
    miles 'io' magna voce 'triumphe' canet.
    (tris. 4,2,51f.)
  4. JFWR New Member

    Thank you very much for the helpful replies. The Virgil and Ovid quotations settle the matter quite well!

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