As wiktionary is blocked in my region, I'm looking for an online latin dictionry with pronunciation of the word.
Antepenultimate stress is regular. It's all about syllable quantity. There are a few words with the last syllable stressed, though: illīc (< illīce), addūc (< addūce). They are also irregular in being polysyllabic and having a long vowel in the closed last syllable. (Normally, in polysyllabic words vowels are shortened before any single final consonant except -s: ōrnās but ōrnăt; also cf. sōl (monosyllabic), rēx (two consonants).) (Sorry if it sounds like the rules of fizzbin, actually everything is quite simple.)Is there a list of common irregularly stressed (antepenultimate stress) words?
Vowels are either long or short, there is no third grade of length. The conventions of dictionaries vary. Many of them just don't care about vowel length in closed syllables, e. g. Lewis & Short. Gaffiot 2016 correctly indicates long vowels in quīntus, etc.; so probably one should presume that unmarked vowels are short. This is not quite consistent, but nothing doing.I notice that there are short vowels, normal-lengthed vowels, and long vowels.
For simplicity, you could adopt Allen's terminology. A vowel is either long or short. This property is called the length of the vowel. A syllable is called light if it ends in a short vowel and heavy otherwise. This property is called the quantity of the syllable. Thus, you have six very clear terms and you can translate into them any obscure stuff like "vowel long by position" (which is not about vowels nor about length), etc. Just remember that vowels have length and syllables have quantity.Is this about the "ae", "oe"? Does consonant also affect the length of the syllable?